Transboundary Waste Shipments in Cyprus

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The shipment of electronic waste from and to Cyprus is regulated chiefly by European law, with some elements being subject to the national laws of Cyprus. This report reviews the main legal requirements governing shipments of electronic waste from and to Cyprus.

Where electronic waste is (i) shipped between Cyprus and other EU Member States, (ii) imported into Cyprus from outside the EU, or (iii) exported from Cyprus to outside the EU, the European waste shipment law applies. The key EU legislative instrument is Regulation 1013/2006 on the shipment of waste (the "Regulation"), which implements the Basel Convention and the OECD Decision. This Regulation is directly effective in all Member States of the European Union and does not require transposition by Cyprus. Therefore, the Regulation's provisions are directly binding on private parties in Cyprus.

The Regulation's controls differ depending on (i) whether the shipments are for disposal or recovery, and, if so, (ii) how the waste involved is listed, and (iii) whether the shipment is intra-EC or imports into or exports from the EC. Generally, the requirements for shipments for disposal resemble the prior authorization scheme of the Basel Convention on the Transboundary Shipment of Hazardous Waste. The requirements for shipments for recovery are based on the OECD Decision on the Transfrontier Movement of Waste for Recovery. Where the shipment is subject to notification, the Regulation also requires a contract with the receiving facility and a financial guarantee.

In addition, Cyprus has adopted specific legislation to implement the Regulation's regimes. Specifically, it has adopted The Solid and Hazardous Waste Law of 12 December 2002 No. 215(I), which deals with administrative organization and allocation of authorities, modalities of compliance monitoring and enforcement mechanisms.

Intended waste shipments subject to notification must be notified to the Environment Service of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment (the Environment Service) through a form prescribed by the Regulation. In regard to waste shipments subject to notification, the notifier must provide a financial guarantee.

Cyprus's laws on transboundary waste shipments apply only to waste defined as such by The Solid and Hazardous Waste Law ,which also implements the Waste Framework Directive in Cyprus.


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